The city in the stone
Matheola is one of the oldest cities in the world to have been inhabited, with settlements dating back to about 10,000 years ago (inhabited from the Paleolithic up to our days); the third in the world after Aleppo in Syria and Jericho in the Cisgiordania.
The first settlements are those of the Murgia (deep karst gorge crossed by the Gravina stream) where there are the prehistoric villages of Murgia Timone and Murgecchia. The dwellings were the caves carved into the rock. With the progress of civilization, the tuff blocks of the Murgia Materana were used for the city built "above ground". The "two cities", the excavated and the built one, started a long cohabitation that still lasts. Starting from the 8th century, the hermit monks and Benedictine and Byzantine Greek monastic communities began to arrive.
These communities settle in the caves transforming them into rock churches (there are about 150), embellished with frescoes of Byzantine style.
The city had relations with the Magna Graecia and in Roman times it became a center of passage and supply of wheat. It was disputed by the Lombards, by the Byzantines and by the Saracens, followed by the Normans and the Aragonese.
The urban structure is formed by tangled "cave-houses" forming the two main districts of the historical center: Sasso Caveoso and Sasso Barisano divided by the Civita, the oldest part. The typical dwelling inside the Sassi is excavated on three levels and includes: the stable, the cellar and the cistern. In most cases the rooms were mixed, for example bedrooms that housed both people and animals. The places where this promiscuity occurred were unhealthy, humid, conducive to the spread of disease. The Sassi represent an absolute masterpiece of man's ingenuity and ability to adapt to natural and historical difficulties.
FRANCESCO PACE ITALY
Fotoreporter free-lance, work as a teacher of the Ministry of Education, University and Scientific Research. He has participated in various national competitions and exhibitions. In 2005 he won the national contest "Sguardi Sostenibili" (Sustainable Looks), photograph chosen by the international masterly of photography Gianni Berengo Gardin. The winning slide along with other works were exhibited in a traveling exhibition that recorded over 100,000 visits.
Awards and Recognition
Photographic national competition "The thrill of seeing"
III edition: "The thrill of seeing ... the details"
Prize "The thrill of seeing 2017 - emotion category" is awarded the work that best portrays an emotion, with particular attention to the emotion of seeing, arousing at the same time an emotion in the viewer.
"Sustainable Looks" photography contest 2005
Hera Group - Bologna.
1st Place (Photo chosen by M ° G. Berengo Gardin)
II Ed. Photographic Competition Lights and Colors - 2006.
Pignataro Maggiore - Patr. "Il Fotografo" and "Sigma".
1 ^ Classified sez. B / N
1 ^ Special Mention sect. B / N
2nd National Photographic Competition "Priority of Time" -
Municipality of Urgnano (BG) Patr. The Photographer and Sigma.
Absolute winner Free theme.
6th Photographic competition "Photographs on the Internet"
Brescia On Line - 2005.
2 ^ Classified section B / N.
6th National Contest of Photography "Photo of Identity" -
Cultural Association "la Piazza" of Sammichele di Bari.
2 ^ Classified sez. "Beyond the Image" - 2006.
1st National Photographic Contest "Il Vento".
Cultural Association "Levarsìa" - 2006 Sannicola (LE).
9th National Photographic Competition - Canistro Superiore -
Cultural Ass. Women 2000. Dec. 2006.
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